Blood Donation Benefits

Blood Donation

Whenever we hear blood donation the 1st thing that strikes our mind is helping someone, doing good for society and for our loved ones. The journey of blood donation started in 1795 in Philadelphia(U.S.A) but the first successful transfusion of human blood was performed in 1818.

Blood Donation Benefits

Being good humans we should help each other. Helping others make us feel good along with that there are many benefits of blood donation attached to it. Let’s have a closer look and see them:-

Free health checkup

Before the blood donation process starts of transfusing your blood to someone, doctors will make sure that you are fit and meet all the necessary requirements. The analysis tests might include a close look at your blood pressure or heart arrhythmia, pulse, body temperature, iron, and hemoglobin level.

These screenings and tests will shed light on the unaware diseases which an individual might be suffering from. It can be as simple as a rare blood type and can be Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV, West Nile virus, and syphilis

Flushes out harmful iron stores

Many people throughout the world are affected by a condition called hemochromatosis and the worst part is that they are not even aware of it. In this condition an individual has an overload of iron which is the most common reason of genetic disease.

The excess of iron in body gets deposited in organs like liver and heart affects the organs functionality.

Donating blood helps in reducing the excess and overload of iron from the body. Moreover, this is the preferred way of getting excess blood off from the body as per The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Cardiovascular heath

A research was done in 2009 according to which 160,000 females who donated blood for more than 10 years had a protective effect of long-term, high-frequency blood donation against cardiovascular disease.

The connection between cardiovascular health and blood donation is that it helps in lowering down the viscosity of the blood which is associated with blood clotting, heart attack, and strokes. These problems are more significant in men than women as women have menstrual cycles. Henceforth, they lose blood without donating.

Blood donation at least once an year reduces the heart attack by 88% according to the study

Cancer

In the case of a healthy person, the link between a fit person and decreased cancer risk is slim. But some researchers say that donating blood helps in reducing the risks of cancer. The reason behind the reduction of risk is the reduced level of iron.

When an individual donates blood, the blood and the iron level go down and this is associated with a lower risk of cancer and mortality. The impact of blood donation can be seen on people suffering from Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) as they develop a lower risk of cancer as compared to others.

Makes you feel good

The most important and powerful benefit is in the psychological realm. Donating blood makes us feel good as this blood will be given to someone who might be battling with life and you will be able to contribute to his/ her speedy recovery.

Blood donation on regular basis is like doing social work voluntarily, this would give you a sense of pride, it will bring happiness and a smile to someone’s face as well. Moreover helping others helps you in:-

  • Reducing stress
  • Improving emotional well-being
  • It benefits your physical health
  • Helps in getting rid of negative feelings
  • Gives a sense of pride and belonging

As the whole world is facing a pandemic situation and people are in need of blood donors. Therefore, you might consider visiting this website as it helps you find a blood donor.

You might feel

An individual might feel few things in the body post donating blood.

  • You may feel dizzy or lightheaded even after sleeping and consuming food
  • You might continue bleeding
  • An individual might get arm pain or numbness

Am I eligible for blood donation?

If an individual wants to donate his blood then one has to follow a certain procedure which will confirm if you are even eligible for blood donation or not? Let’s have a closer look at all the aspects of blood donation.

The eligibility criteria differs country to country. Therefore, undermentioned are those criteria that are widely accepted.

Age

One should fall in the bracket of 18 to 65 years of age. While, there are few countries like U.S.A, Korea, U.K, etc, where the minimum age is 16-17 if they have a guardian’s consent.

On the other hand the maximum age for a donor is 65, while there are few countries like China where the maximum age is 60 years.

Weight

The minimum weight is almost same in all the countries, for men it’s 50kgs and women it’s 45kgs.

Health

  • The person must be in good health at the time of donating blood
  • Prior to donating, a test will be performed to check your hemoglobin level and your hemoglobin should not be less than 12 g/dl in the case of females and 13g/dl in the case of males
  • The pulse rate should be between 50 to 100 without any irregularities
  • There should be a difference of 3 months between 2 successful blood donations
  • Blood pressure should be 50-100mm Hg- Diastolic and 100-180mm Hg- Systolic

Ineligible scenarios

  • You get ineligible for 6months from donating blood after getting a tattoo or body piercing
  • If an individual has consumed alcohol in the last 24 hours
  • If an individual is suffering from problems like cardiac arrest, blood pressure, HIV, epilepsy, hypertension, blood pressure, diabetes, kidney ailment and etc
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Women who had a miscarriage can not donate for the next 6months
  • People who have asthma
  • People who get fits, tuberculosis, and who had an allergy in the past

Blood Types

There are 8 blood types. The basic components of blood are RBC’s(Red Blood Cells), WBC’s (White Blood Cells), Platelets and Plasma.

The ABO blood system has 4 main type:-

  • A Type– This blood type has a marker called A
  • B Type– This blood type has a marker called B
  • AB Type– This blood type has both A and B marker
  • O Type– This blood type has neither A nor B marker

These 4 main types are further divided

Blood TypeYou gave give toYou can receive from Best Type of donations
A+A+ and AB+A+, A-, O+ and O-Platelets and plasma
A-A-, A+AB- and AB+ A- and O-Double red cells and whole blood
B+B+ and AB+B+, B-, O+ and O-Platelets and plasma
B-B-, B+, AB- and AB+ B- and O-Double red cells and whole blood
AB+AB+All blood typesPlatelets and plasma
AB-AB- and AB+AB-, A-, B- and O-Platelets and plasma
O+O+, A+, B+ and AB+O+ and O-Double red cells and whole blood
O-All blood typesO-Double red cells and whole blood

Certificate

After giving the blood an individual is provided a certificate from that hospital or organization mentioning that the donor has donated the blood, along with that the blood type and how many units one has given is mentioned.

Conclusion

In the situation where the whole world is battling with covid19 if we could extend our hands to save people in this pandemic, that might save lives. Even after the situation of the world get’s better still people should donate and should encourage their peers as well to donate.